¿Qué es una base de datos CRM y por qué la necesita?

Collecting crucial customer data is at the heart of business success and growth. That’s why every business should have a CRM database to gather the required data.

For your company to drive revenue, you need to make sales—that’s Business 101. But not every company realizes that the key to sales is knowing your audience. By becoming familiar with the people you sell to, you’ll be able to market to them much more effectively.

The question is, how do you get to know your audience better? Easy—by analyzing customer data. Your customer data can tell you a ton about your audience. But with that data spread out across a hundred different sources, it can be hard to analyze.

That’s where CRM database software comes in. With a CRM database, you can learn far more about your audience. But what is a CRM database? Keep reading to find out! 

What is a CRM database?

A CRM database is a platform designed to let you store all your customer data in one place. It stands for “customer relationship management database” and allows you to easily view, organize, and analyze your customer data.

How does a CRM database work?

The way it works is that it integrates with all the third-party platforms where you generate customer data, and it then imports that data into the database. Within the database, you can then organize that data however you choose.

Also, it’s worth pointing out that CRM database software rarely stands alone. Usually, they’re part of an overall CRM platform that also includes other tools and features for analyzing and acting on the data you gather—the database itself is just one piece of the puzzle.

Benefits of a CRM database

There are a few different benefits to using a customer relationship management database. Still, the biggest one is that—as we suggested earlier—it helps you learn more about your audience.

As you gather data about your customers, you can spend time analyzing it to learn who buys from you and what they want. That, in turn, helps you market to them more effectively, driving more sales overall.

Another major benefit simply comes down to convenience. You certainly could attempt to analyze your customer data from its original source, but the thing is, your data is likely spread across several different tools. A CRM database gathers all that data into one place, making it far easier to locate and analyze.

With these core CRM database benefits, you can look forward to the following residual advantages:

  • Understand customer needs: A centralized database gives you access to the information you need to understand customer preferences and develop better products and services.
  • Improve customer loyalty: Your organized data can enhance customer communication, aligning with where they are in the sales cycle and encouraging higher retention rates.
  • Anticipate customer requirements: Access to comprehensive customer data means you can better anticipate their needs, meet your customers where they are, and build stronger relationships with them.
  • Enhance customer interactions: Improve communication consistency and garner more trust from your customers with advanced data related to all customer interactions.
  • Access customer data faster: Draw report data quickly for analysis, making your sales and decision-making processes more efficient.
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Types of CRM databases

There are a few different types of CRM databases out there. Those types mainly differ in how and where the data is stored.

Here are the three main types available.

1. On-site databases

On-site databases, also called on-premise databases, are stored directly on your company’s servers—hence the name. These tend to be very expensive and complex, and more often than not, large enterprises go for them. They usually require a whole team of specialists to maintain.

2. Open-source databases

Like on-site databases, you store open-source databases on your company’s servers. However, they’re usually far less expensive—many of them are even free.

Of course, the drawback is that they tend to take a lot of work. There’s no team provided to help you manage open-source databases—you have to do it all yourself. That includes handling things like data security.

3. Cloud-based databases

Finally, you have cloud-based databases. In today’s world, most of the big-name CRMs are cloud-based. You wouldn’t store these databases on your servers—they’re kept in the cloud, as the name suggests.

The advantage of cloud-based databases is that you can access them from anywhere, not just your business premises since they’re stored online. These databases are usually sold by well-known companies that provide customer support, making them easier to manage.

What else can a CRM database do?

As we mentioned earlier, CRM databases rarely stand totally on their own. Most CRMs contain additional tools and features on top of the database, enabling you to do more with your customer data than just store it. Here are a few features you can expect to find in most CRMs.

1. Lead communication

One thing you can use CRMs for is communicating with your leads and customers. Many CRMs will let you run email and SMS campaigns right from the platform, not to mention setting up phone calls and meetings.

Of course, you could do that in another tool, but the convenient thing about doing it in a CRM is that you can base it on the data you’re already pulling in. Your CRM is already tracking when leads hit certain checkpoints, so why not go ahead and rig it to send out emails at those checkpoints, too?

CRM database lead management interface example

2. Sales automation

Building off the last point, CRMs often come equipped with sales automation capabilities. We just mentioned email marketing, and that’s one area you can automate—your CRM can send out emails automatically rather than you having to do it manually each time.

On top of that, your CRM can automate the data collection process, automatically pulling in data from different sources. That’s far easier than manually copying everything from each platform.

CRM database email automation interface example

3. Data analytics

Finally, the best CRMs come with data analytics features. After all, the entire point of gathering all that customer data is to learn from it. The last thing you want is a CRM that gathers all that data and then lets it sit there unused.

Most CRMs will allow you to generate, at the very least, basic sales reports so you can see trends across your customers. More advanced CRMs will also let you generate custom reports on different metrics and groups of customers.

What are the features of a CRM database?

A good CRM database design should give you access to loads of features that increase your productivity and help your business grow. That said, these are the main features you’ll want to look out for:

  • People, contact, and lead management
  • Customer support options
  • Task and marketing automation
  • Robust reporting and analytics
  • Previsión de ventas
  • Team collaboration tools
  • App integration options
  • Email synchronization
  • Easy file sharing
  • Customizable CRM dashboard metrics

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How do you create a CRM database?

There are several steps to creating a CRM database, each requiring some consideration.

1. What is your database’s core function?

Once you’ve determined how you want to use your CRM database, you can choose a structure that aligns with the way you intend to store and use data to engage with customers.

The three primary CRM system categories include:

  • Operational CRM: Select this structure if you want to gather data to improve task and activity performance across teams.
  • Analytical CRM: If you’d like to dig into the numbers and analyze various aspects of the sales process, an Analytical CRM system would be ideal.
  • Collaborative CRM: This type of CRM lets you share critical data with your teams for improved productivity and a better customer service experience.

Ideally, you want a CRM database like Nutshell that offers all of the above.

2. What data do you want to collect?

Think about the data you need to improve your processes and meet your goals. Typically, teams aim to collect the following fundamental data:

  • Información de contacto
  • Engagement history
  • Pipeline and stage
  • Conversion possibilities
  • Products or services acquired
  • Preferred means of communication

3. How will you collect your data?

Next, you should clarify where you plan to collect data and how you’ll gather the information. There are a few key sources to consider, including:

  • Finance and accounts department
  • Customer support department
  • Marketing department
  • Sales department
  • External sources

4. What CRM database software should you use?

You have numerous CRM database systems to choose from, each of which brings different strengths and weaknesses to the table. When selecting your ideal provider, consider the following:

  • Does the system collect the data you need efficiently?
  • Will the system help you gather the correct type of data?
  • What kind of CRM database does the system support, and will it meet your needs?

5. How will you upload the data you already have?

While determining the best CRM database system for your organization is vital, it’s just as important to plan how you’ll upload your existing batch of data. For some companies, this could be a significant amount of data gathered via more primitive means before investing in a proper CRM database.

Needless to say, this data entry process could take some time and may require additional human resources to execute. Make sure you have a workable plan in place to have your system up and ready to collect and analyze data when needed.

Once up and running, you’ll need to formulate a CRM database management plan to ensure regular data collection and analysis.

Nutshell is the perfect CRM database for your business

Looking to find a customer database for your company but need help figuring out where to start? Look no further—Nutshell is the ideal choice.

Nutshell has everything you could want in a CRM. On top of our expansive CRM database, we offer all the features listed above—lead communication, sales automation, and data analytics—and we make it incredibly easy for you to sort your leads and customers in our platform.

On top of that, we offer top-of-the-line customer service. Don’t believe us? Just check out our 14-day free trial to see what Nutshell can do for your business!

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